# igcse-edexcel-physics-solution

## Wave Period

The period of a wave is the time it takes to complete one cycle. The unit for a wave period is seconds, and it is inversely proportional to the frequency of a wave, which is the number of cycles of a wave that occur in one second.

## Demo

In this tutorial you will learn how to calculate the wave period.

The equation is written like this:

$T = { \text 1 \; \text / \; \text f}$

## Chilled practice question

Calculate the wave period for a wave with a frequency of 2 KHz.

## Frozen practice question

Calculate the frequency for a wave with a time period of 20 seconds.

## Science in context

The period of a wave is the time it takes to complete one cycle. The unit for a wave period is seconds, and it is inversely proportional to the frequency of a wave, which is the number of cycles of a wave that occur in one second.

## Millie’s Master Methods

#### Millie’s Magic Triangle

The ability to rearrange equations is the first step to successfully solve Physics calculations. Millie’s…

#### Calculation Master Method

Performing and mastering this routine will guarantee you maximum marks when solving Physics calculations. Calculation…

## The Fridge Physics Store

#### Teacher Fast Feedback

Feedback to students in seconds – Voice to label thermal bluetooth technology…

#### Get Fridge Physics Merch

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## Transformers

transformer is an piece of electrical apparatus which will increase or decrease the voltage in an alternating current. It can be designed to “step up” or “step downvoltages and is based on the magnetic induction principle.

## Demo

In this tutorial you will learn how to calculate voltages in step up and step down transformers.

The equation is written like this:

${ \text V_{1} \; \text / \; \text V_{2} \; \text = \; \text N_{1} \; \text / \; \text N_{2} \;}$

## Chilled practice question

A transformer has 300 turns on its primary coil and 100 turns on it secondary coil. What voltage is induced in the secondary coil if the primary voltage is 96 V ?

## Frozen practice question

A transformer has 320 turns on the primary coil and 800 turns on the secondary coil. Find the voltage across the primary coil when the voltage across the secondary coil is 1320 V.

## Science in context

transformer is an piece of electrical apparatus which will increase or decrease the voltage in an alternating current. It can be designed to “step up” or “step downvoltages and is based on the magnetic induction principle.When a voltage is introduced to one coil, called the primary coil it magnetizes its core which is made from iron which induces a voltage in the secondary coil.

## Millie’s Master Methods

#### Millie’s Magic Triangle

The ability to rearrange equations is the first step to successfully solve Physics calculations. Millie’s…

#### Calculation Master Method

Performing and mastering this routine will guarantee you maximum marks when solving Physics calculations. Calculation…

## The Fridge Physics Store

#### Teacher Fast Feedback

Feedback to students in seconds – Voice to label thermal bluetooth technology…

#### Get Fridge Physics Merch

Why not buy a Fridge Physics baseball cap, woollen beanie, hoodie or polo shirt, all colours and sizes available. Free delivery to anywhere in the UK!…

## Uniform Acceleration

Uniform or constant acceleration is a type of motion in which the velocity of an object changes by an equal amount in every equal time period.

## Demo

In this tutorial you will learn how to calculate uniform acceleration.

The equation is written like this:

${ \text v^{2} \; \text – \; \text u^{2} \; \text = \; \text 2as}$

## Chilled practice question

A racing car travelling at 20 m/s decelerates uniformly at 1.5 m/s2 towards a slip road 100 m away. Calculate its velocity when it reaches the slip road.

## Frozen practice question

A ball is dropped 12 m from the top of a building. Calculate the velocity of the ball when it hits the ground. Ignore any value for air resistance. Acceleration due to gravity is 9.8m/s2

## Science in context

Uniform or constant acceleration is a type of motion in which the velocity of an object changes by an equal amount in every equal time period.

## Millie’s Master Methods

#### Millie’s Magic Triangle

The ability to rearrange equations is the first step to successfully solve Physics calculations. Millie’s…

#### Calculation Master Method

Performing and mastering this routine will guarantee you maximum marks when solving Physics calculations. Calculation…

## The Fridge Physics Store

#### Teacher Fast Feedback

Feedback to students in seconds – Voice to label thermal bluetooth technology…

#### Get Fridge Physics Merch

Why not buy a Fridge Physics baseball cap, woollen beanie, hoodie or polo shirt, all colours and sizes available. Free delivery to anywhere in the UK!…

## Pressure in Fluids

Fluid pressure is exerted on the surface of an object in a liquid. This pressure causes upthrust . An object placed in a liquid will begin to sink. As it sinks, the liquid pressure on it increases and so the upthrust increases.

## Demo

In this tutorial you will learn how to calculate the pressure on an object in a fluid at a known depth.

The equation is written like this:

$P = { \text h \; \text x \; \text p \; \text x \; \text g}$

## Chilled practice question

Calculate the pressure 180 m below the surface of sea water. The density of sea water is 1025 Kg/m3. Use Gravity as 9.8 N/kg.

## Frozen practice question

Calculate the density of a liquid if the pressure exerted is 5880 Pa at a depth of 75 cm, take the Gravitational field strength of the Earth to be 9.8 N/Kg.

## Science in context

Fluid pressure is exerted on the surface of an object in a liquid. This pressure causes upthrust. An object placed in a liquid will begin to sink. As it sinks, the liquid pressure on it increases and so the upthrust increases.

## Millie’s Master Methods

#### Millie’s Magic Triangle

The ability to rearrange equations is the first step to successfully solve Physics calculations. Millie’s…

#### Calculation Master Method

Performing and mastering this routine will guarantee you maximum marks when solving Physics calculations. Calculation…

## The Fridge Physics Store

#### Teacher Fast Feedback

Feedback to students in seconds – Voice to label thermal bluetooth technology…

#### Get Fridge Physics Merch

Why not buy a Fridge Physics baseball cap, woollen beanie, hoodie or polo shirt, all colours and sizes available. Free delivery to anywhere in the UK!…

## Acceleration

Acceleration is how quickly the velocity is changing whether it be speed, direction or both. Acceleration is a measure of how quickly the velocity of an object is changing.

## Demo

In this tutorial you will learn how to calculate the acceleration of a moving object.

The equation is written like this:

$a = { v \unicode{x2013} u \over \text{t}}$

## Chilled practice question

Calculate the acceleration if the velocity increases from 4 m/s to 76 m/s in 8 s.

## Frozen practice question

How long does it take for the velocity of a bus to increase from 12 m/s to 20 m/s if it is accelerating at 4 m/s2.

## Science in context

Acceleration is how quickly the velocity is changing whether it be speed, direction or both.

## Millie’s Master Methods

#### Millie’s Magic Triangle

The ability to rearrange equations is the first step to successfully solve Physics calculations. Millie’s…

#### Calculation Master Method

Performing and mastering this routine will guarantee you maximum marks when solving Physics calculations. Calculation…

## The Fridge Physics Store

#### Teacher Fast Feedback

Feedback to students in seconds – Voice to label thermal bluetooth technology…

#### Get Fridge Physics Merch

Why not buy a Fridge Physics baseball cap, woollen beanie, hoodie or polo shirt, all colours and sizes available. Free delivery to anywhere in the UK!…

## Speed

Speed is how fast an object is moving in no given direction. Velocity is how fast an object is moving in a given direction. In physics, you can calculate the average speed by taking the total distance travelled and dividing it by the total time required to travel that distance.

## Demo

In this tutorial you will learn how to calculate the speed of an object, velocity is speed with direction for example 20 m/s north.

The equation is written like this:

$S = { \text D / T}$

## Chilled practice question

Calculate the speed of a car which travels 2000 m in 400 s.

## Frozen practice question

How long does it take a car to travel 360 m at 12 m/s ?

## Science in context

Speed is how fast an object is moving in no given direction. Velocity is how fast an object is moving in a given direction.

## Millie’s Master Methods

#### Millie’s Magic Triangle

The ability to rearrange equations is the first step to successfully solve Physics calculations. Millie’s…

#### Calculation Master Method

Performing and mastering this routine will guarantee you maximum marks when solving Physics calculations. Calculation…

## The Fridge Physics Store

#### Teacher Fast Feedback

Feedback to students in seconds – Voice to label thermal bluetooth technology…

#### Get Fridge Physics Merch

Why not buy a Fridge Physics baseball cap, woollen beanie, hoodie or polo shirt, all colours and sizes available. Free delivery to anywhere in the UK!…

## Weight on the Moon

Weight is the force acting on an object due to gravity. The weight of an object is defined as the force of gravity on the object and can be calculated as the mass times the acceleration due to gravity.

## Demo

In this tutorial you will learn how to calculate the weight of an object on the moon due to its force of gravity.

The equation is written like this:

${ \textit W} = {\text m \;} {\text x \;} {\text g}$

## Chilled practice question

Copy out the question and attempt to calculate the answer before watching the solution. Write down the equation and show all of your working, remember to add the units to your answer, this routine will guarantee you maximum marks in an exam. Mark your solution and correct if needed.

Calculate the weight of a flag pole on the moon, it has a mass of 5 Kg.

## Frozen practice question

Copy out the question and attempt to calculate the answer before watching the solution. Write down the equation and show all of your working, remember to add the units to your answer, this routine will guarantee you maximum marks in an exam. Mark your solution and correct if needed.

What is the mass of an oxygen cylinder on the moon if it has a weight of 4.8 N ?

## Science in context

Weight is the force acting on an object due to gravity.

## Millie’s Master Methods

#### Millie’s Magic Triangle

The ability to rearrange equations is the first step to successfully solve Physics calculations. Millie’s…

#### Calculation Master Method

Performing and mastering this routine will guarantee you maximum marks when solving Physics calculations. Calculation…

## The Fridge Physics Store

#### Teacher Fast Feedback

Feedback to students in seconds – Voice to label thermal bluetooth technology…

#### Get Fridge Physics Merch

Why not buy a Fridge Physics baseball cap, woollen beanie, hoodie or polo shirt, all colours and sizes available. Free delivery to anywhere in the UK!…

## Weight on Earth

Weight is the force acting on an object due to gravity. The weight of an object can be defined as the force of gravity on the object. Since the weight is a force, its unit is the Newton.

## Demo

In this tutorial you will learn how to calculate the weight of an object due to the force of the Earths gravity.

The equation is written like this:

${ \textit W} = {\text m \;} {\text x \;} {\text g}$

## Chilled practice question

Calculate the weight of a bench on Earth which has a mass of 25 Kg.

## Frozen practice question

Calculate the mass of an elephant if it has a weight of 60 KN on Earth.

## Science in context

Weight is the force acting on an object due to gravity.

## Millie’s Master Methods

#### Millie’s Magic Triangle

The ability to rearrange equations is the first step to successfully solve Physics calculations. Millie’s…

#### Calculation Master Method

Performing and mastering this routine will guarantee you maximum marks when solving Physics calculations. Calculation…

## The Fridge Physics Store

#### Teacher Fast Feedback

Feedback to students in seconds – Voice to label thermal bluetooth technology…

#### Get Fridge Physics Merch

Why not buy a Fridge Physics baseball cap, woollen beanie, hoodie or polo shirt, all colours and sizes available. Free delivery to anywhere in the UK!…

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